Ianna Journal of Interdisciplinary Studies https://iannajournalofinterdisciplinarystudies.com/index.php/1 <p><em>Ianna journal of interdisciplinary studies (IJIS) i</em>s an open-access publication from the Department of Mass Communication, University of Nigeria, Nsukka. It publishes peer-reviewed, original research, and it reviews articles in an interactive, open-access format. The journal is published every October at no cost to authors. Contributors also access published articles free of charge. </p> <p><strong>Aims and Scope</strong><strong><br /></strong></p> <p>IJIS aims to publish well-researched manuscripts from Nigerian authors across all social sciences. </p> <p>Articles span across all disciplines in social sciences. IJIS looks forward to being an internationally-ranked open access outlet for outstanding academic research to meet the academic needs of Nigerian readers. For this reason, unlike traditional journals, IJIS does not limit content as a result of thematic importance. Instead, IJIS assesses the scientific and research methods of each article for validity and accepts articles majorly on the basis of the research. Adopting this approach, readers are offered greater access and the power to determine the significance of each article through IJIS’s interactive comments feature and article-level usage metrics. Correspondingly, by not limiting papers to a narrow discipline, IJIS facilitates the discovery of the connections between papers, whether within or between disciplines. </p> <p> </p> Department of Mass Communication, University of Nigeria Nsukka en-US Ianna Journal of Interdisciplinary Studies 2735-9883 <blockquote> <p> </p> </blockquote> Peer pressure and substance use as predictors of mental health among in-school adolescents in Nigeria https://iannajournalofinterdisciplinarystudies.com/index.php/1/article/view/81 <p><strong>Background: </strong>The period of adolescence confers significant vulnerability to mental health problems that may persist into adulthood, causing significant mental health problems to the individual and to society at large However, the majority of what is known about adolescent mental health is rom developed countries.</p> <p><strong>Objective:</strong> This study sought to fill the knowledge gap by investigating the influence of peer pressure and substance use on the mental health of in-school adolescents.</p> <p><strong>Methodology: </strong>A cross-sectional research design was adopted for this study alongside purposive method for sampling of the participants The sample size was made up of 288 in-school adolescents between the ages of 13 to 22 years, with an average age of 17.02±1.92 drawn from three government schools in Oyo state's capital city.</p> <p><strong>Results: </strong>The findings of this study revealed that peer pressure and substance use have a negative impact on mental health. Furthermore, both variables predicted mental health jointly, but only substance use predicted mental health independently. We also discovered no significant gender variation in adolescent mental health.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion: </strong>We concluded that substance use is a risk factor for adolescent mental health, as revealed by the outcome of this study.</p> <p><strong>Key Recommendation: </strong>As a result, it was recommended that timely and comprehensive mental health interventions should target this population's substance use.</p> Abel C. Obosi , Adeboye M Fatunbi Oloyede Oyinloye Copyright (c) 2022 Abel C. Obosi, , Adeboye M Fatunbi, Oloyede Oyinloye https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 2022-08-08 2022-08-08 4 1 1 9 Learning without understanding https://iannajournalofinterdisciplinarystudies.com/index.php/1/article/view/82 <p><strong>Background:</strong> Academic achievement is &nbsp;one of the major goals and objectives of education. However, student underachievement is on the increase in &nbsp;Fine and Applied Arts.</p> <p><strong>Objective:</strong> The purpose of this study is to investigate the cause(s) of this prevalent academic underachievement.</p> <p><strong>Methodology:</strong> The study adopted a survey research design using a causal research technic. It involved a population of 263 students, lecturers, and studio technicians. The main instrument used to collect data for the study were two sets of structured questionnaires named the Students Achievement and Underachievement Test (SA&amp;UT) and Teacher's Assessment and Teaching Approach Test (TA&amp;TAT). Frequency count and percentages were used to analyze the data collected.</p> <p><strong>Result:</strong> The results of the analyses established that many students have faulty pre-level knowledge to be able to achieve effectively at the university level. Many of the lecturer’s exhibit negligence in conducting a valid assessment, and some need to improve their level of assessment literacy in assessing art. There is also &nbsp;a lack of &nbsp;adequate facilities to conduct reliable and valid practical-oriented assessments.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion: </strong>A combination of lack of facilities and teachers’ negligence contribute in the problem of under-achievement among students of find and applied arts.</p> <p><strong>Unique contribution: </strong>&nbsp;This study has deepened our understanding regarding why the problem of academic underachievement has continued to persist among students of fine and applied arts in Nigeria.&nbsp;</p> <p><strong>Key recommendation</strong>: Pre-level institutions should be upgraded and properly examined to adequately prepare students for the higher levels in their academic careers.</p> Vershima Joseph Itiav Peter Apkpen-Ade Aondona Joshua Avav Copyright (c) 2022 Vershima Joseph Itiav, Peter Apkpen-Ade, Aondona Joshua Avav https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 2022-08-08 2022-08-08 4 1 10 20 Local Politics in International Media https://iannajournalofinterdisciplinarystudies.com/index.php/1/article/view/83 <p><strong>Background:</strong> Women constitute a large percentage of the voting public in Nigeria. Despite this, research on their political opinion and voting behaviour is limited.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><strong>Objective:</strong> The aim of this study was to &nbsp;examine the impact of international media candidates’ endorsement on women in Nigeria.&nbsp;&nbsp;</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><strong>Methodology:</strong> The researchers made use of survey research design and sampled 600 women voters in a developing democracy. The researchers used the questionnaire to collect data for the study and applied both descriptive and inferential statistics to analyse data for the study.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>&nbsp;<strong>Result:</strong> Findings &nbsp;showed significant relationship between exposure to international media political endorsement and political opinion of women regarding candidates’ political ideology. Also, a significant relationship was found between decision status of women and influence of international media candidates’ endorsement on voting behaviour.</p> <p><strong>Contribution: </strong>This study has provided empirical evidence regarding the contributing role of international media in local politics.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion: </strong>&nbsp;It is concluded that international media endorsement of candidates during national elections influences local voters.</p> <p><strong>Key recommendation: </strong>Further studies are recommended to be conducted in more advanced democracies like United States of America, for better comparison</p> Chidi John Ugwuanyi Aladi Alice Jonah Edith U. Ohaja Copyright (c) 2022 Chidi John Ugwuanyi, Aladi Alice Jonah, Edith U. Ohaja https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 2022-08-08 2022-08-08 4 1 21 34 Correlation between lack of information documentation and underdevelopment in Nigeria https://iannajournalofinterdisciplinarystudies.com/index.php/1/article/view/84 <p><strong>Background</strong>: Nigeria is facing a severe problem of development. This is evidenced in the poor ranking on the human development index, poor infrastructure and weak institutions. Information is essential in promoting development initiatives, yet limited studies have examined the link between poor information documentation and Nigeria's under-development.</p> <p><strong>Objective:</strong> This study aimed to determine the link between lack of information documentation and under-development in Nigeria.</p> <p><strong>Methodology: </strong>The researcher utilized &nbsp;a descriptive survey research design involving a sample of 262 library experts in Nigeria. The questionnaire served as the instrument for data collection. Data for the study were analysed using descriptive and inferential statistics. Results were presented in tables and charts as were appropriate. &nbsp;</p> <p><strong>Results: </strong>Lack of information documentation contributes 36.1% to explain the problem of under-development in Nigeria. The challenges to information documentation in Nigeria include lack of political will, poor knowledge of the importance of information documentation on development, poor budgetary allocation, lack of human resources and poor public awareness of the centrality of information documentation.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion: </strong>Information documentation plays a vital role in promoting&nbsp; development initiatives of a country.</p> <p><strong>Unique contribution: </strong>The study has provided empirical evidence that explains the contributing role of the lack of information documentation on the under-development of Nigeria.</p> <p><strong>Key Recommendation: </strong>Information centres should be established in all the local government areas in Nigeria to serve as catalysts for development in Nigeria.&nbsp;</p> Kingdom H Kari Copyright (c) 2022 Kingdom H Kari https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 2022-08-08 2022-08-08 4 1 35 43 ‘‘Health education effort is holistic when it considers the vulnerable’’ How IDPs in Nigeria fare in media reports on COVID-19 pandemic https://iannajournalofinterdisciplinarystudies.com/index.php/1/article/view/88 <p><strong>Background:</strong> Although progress has been made regarding how the media report vulnerable groups, &nbsp;researchers are yet to focus attention on how the media factor the Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) in reporting diseases and outbreak in general and health pandemics in particular.&nbsp;</p> <p><strong>Objective:</strong> This study attempted to extend literature related to COVID-19 &nbsp;using a Nigerian context by investigating how the media factor IDPs in their reportage of COVID-19.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><strong>Methodology</strong>: The researchers made use of content analysis as a design and condesheet as the instrument for data collection. The researchers &nbsp;examined 451 media stories from two TV stations, two newspapers and one radio station.</p> <p><strong>Results:</strong> The result showed &nbsp;that only 33% of the stories on COVID-19 were linked to IDPs in Nigeria. Even at that, stories related to IDPs in relation to COVID-19 mostly focused on donations, thus making it look as though IDPs do not need protective gears, awareness on COVID-19 and testing.&nbsp; We found that a significant association exists between the media characteristics and their coverage of the issue examined. Across all media, there were very few public service announcements on COVID-19 that were related to IDPs.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion: </strong>&nbsp;The media in Nigeria paid less attention to the plight of IDPs in their coverage of issues related to COVID-19.</p> <p><strong>Unique Contribution</strong>: This study is among the first to examine media coverage of COVID-19 with a focus on vulnerable groups like IDPs</p> <p><strong>Key recommendation: </strong>Further researchers are recommended to examine the influence of media reportage of COVID-19 on health behaviour as well as influence of media reportage of COVID-19 on environmental practice.&nbsp;&nbsp;</p> Alice Aladi Jonah Emeka Williams Etumnu Verlumun Celestine Gever Anthonia Omeneke Ohieku Copyright (c) 2022 Alice Aladi Jonah, Emeka Williams Etumnu, Verlumun Celestine Gever, Anthonia Omeneke Ohieku https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 2022-08-08 2022-08-08 4 1 44 61 The moderating effect of dramatized television testimonials in the relationship between anti-migration advocacy advertisements and perception about dangerous migration among youth in Nigeria https://iannajournalofinterdisciplinarystudies.com/index.php/1/article/view/91 <p><strong>Background:</strong> Combating the menace of dangerous migration is one of the social problems facing the world now. Daily, casualties of victims of dangerous migration are recorded. Yong people’s&nbsp; wrong perception about the benefits and negative. Dramatized testimonials of victims of dangerous migration have featured constantly in TV messages against dangerous migration.</p> <p><strong>Objective:</strong> &nbsp;The objective of this study was to determine the moderating effect of dramatized television&nbsp; testimonials in the relationship between anti-migration messages&nbsp; and perception about dangerous migration among youth in Nigeria.</p> <p><strong>Methodology:</strong> &nbsp;The researcher utilized descriptive survey research design. The sample size was made up of&nbsp; &nbsp;470 youth in Nigeria. &nbsp;The researcher combined both descriptive and inferential statistics to analyze the results.</p> <p><strong>Results:</strong> The result of the study showed &nbsp;among others, that dramatized testimonies of victims of dangerous migration significantly moderate the effectiveness of media anti-immigration advocacy advertisements among youth.</p> <p>We explored the theoretical, practical and scholarly contributions of this study.&nbsp;</p> <p><strong>Conclusion: </strong>Dramatized television testimonials are effective in changing the perception of youth regarding dangerous migration.</p> <p><strong>Unique contribution: </strong>This study has provided empirical evidence that could be beneficial for understanding how to effectively change the perception of Nigerian youth on dangerous migration.</p> <p><strong>Key recommendation:</strong> It is suggested that drama techniques should be used in addressing the growing problem of dangerous migration in Nigeria.</p> Samule O. Alidu Godwin O. Oniwon Copyright (c) 2022 Samule O. Alidu, Godwin O. Oniwon https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 2022-08-08 2022-08-08 4 1 62 78 Gender differentials in advertisement consumption patterns among residents of South-South Nigeria https://iannajournalofinterdisciplinarystudies.com/index.php/1/article/view/92 <p><strong>Background:</strong> The changing nature of communication landscape has posed&nbsp; a challenge for predicting advert consumption of consumers. The situation has been made more difficult with evidence from literature suggesting&nbsp; that gender plays a critical role in influencing human behaviour.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><strong>Objective:</strong> The objective of this study was to examine gender differentials in advertisement consumption among residents of South-South Nigeria.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><strong>Method:</strong> The survey researcher design was used to achieve the objectives of the study. A total of 405 respondents took part in the study. The respondents&nbsp; &nbsp;were sampled for the study through a multi-stage sampling technique. The questionnaire was used as the instrument for data collection.&nbsp; In the analysis data for the study, both descriptive and inferential statistics were used.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><strong>Results:</strong> The result showed that gender significantly influences advertisement consumption in the areas of time of consumption, duration of consumption as well as message elements that attract attention to advertisements. For example, while male reported that they consume advertisements early in the morning, women reported consuming it at night.&nbsp;&nbsp; Also while men consume advertisements&nbsp; with formal tones, women consume advertisements with sexual and humour tones.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion: </strong>Gender plays a significant role in determining the advertisement consumption pattern of consumers.</p> <p><strong>Unique contribution: </strong>The study has examined advertisement consumption of consumers in a developing country from the perspective of gender.</p> <p><strong>Key recommendation</strong>: Based on the result of the study, the researcher recommends, among others advertisers should take into account the gender of their target audience when planning and implementing advertising campaigns.&nbsp;&nbsp;</p> Udaya M. Onuh Nnanyelugo Okoro Copyright (c) 2022 Udaya M. Onuh, Nnanyelugo Okoro https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 2022-08-08 2022-08-08 4 1 79 93