Bottom-to-top approach solution to environmental degradation in the Niger Delta area of Nigeria


  • Samuel Enudi
  • Ferdinand Eloke Okoro


Bottom top, environmental degradation, Niger Delta, top down


Background: Environmental degradation in the Niger Delta Region of Niger has defiled all solutions. Therefore, there is a need to consider fresh approaches to addressing the problem.

Objective: The goal of this study was to determine the possibility of using bottom to top approach in addressing the problem of environmental degradation in the Niger Delta Region of Nigeria.

Method: The researchers applied a descriptive survey research design and sampled 472 respondents using a multistage sampling technique. The participants were sampled from three states that make up the Niger Delta. The states were Bayelsa, Delta and Rivers. Data were collected using a structured questionnaire, while analyses were done using percentages and multiple regression analysis.

Result: The majority of the participants reported that bottom to top approach can contribute to a large extent in addressing the problem of environmental degradation in the Niger Delta Region. The participants also reported that the bottom-to-top approach is more effective than the top-to-bottom approach in addressing the problem of environmental degradation. Finally, stages of the bottom-to-top approach, like problem identification and need priorities, motivation and mobilisation, working together and finally, creating an enabling environment, predicted the effective implementation of the bottom-to-top approach for addressing environmental degradation in the Niger Delta Region.

Conclusion: Bottom to top approach is more effective than top to bottom approach in addressing the problem of environmental degradation in the Niger Delta.

Unique Contribution:  This study has offered empirical evidence that could be useful for addressing the problem of environmental degradation in the Niger Delta and elsewhere in the world where environmental degradation is a challenge.  

Key Recommendation: Bottom to top approach should be used as a preferred approach for addressing the problem of environmental degradation in the Niger Delta Region of Nigeria.


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How to Cite

Enudi, S., & Okoro, F. E. (2023). Bottom-to-top approach solution to environmental degradation in the Niger Delta area of Nigeria. Ianna Journal of Interdisciplinary Studies , 5(1), 208–219. Retrieved from