Students’ Acceptance of Local Fabric (Aso-Oke) as Graduation Gowns for Cultural Heritage Development in Nigeria


  • Joseph Babatunde Ajayi


Local fabric, perception, acceptance, textile, students


Background: Aso-oke, a renowned local fabric of the Yoruba people of Southwestern Nigeria, is a traditional handwoven strip produced from cotton and local silk. Its age-long popularity and use have transcended many generations and survived many competitive challenges. 

Objective: This study aimed to examine students’ acceptance of local fabric, Aso-oke, for use as graduation gowns in universities. 

Methodology: The design of this study was a descriptive survey. The study used an online questionnaire directed at three hundred and eighty-four university students in both public and private universities to give room for comparison. Data were analysed using descriptive and inferential statistics, while results were presented in tables and charts.

Results: Findings revealed that most students agreed to accept Aso-oke as a graduation gown in their schools. Most students also agreed on the willingness to recommend using Aso-oke as a graduation gown in their schools. Furthermore, the hypothesis shows a significant relationship between the perceptions of Aso-oke as graduation gowns and their acceptance as graduation gowns (P<0.05).

Conclusion: This study concludes that the willingness of the students to accept Aso-oke as a graduation gown points to its potential as a viable option for cultural preservation and local economic growth.

Unique contribution: This study has contributed to the body of knowledge in the textile industry by revealing students’ perception of localised fabric and their acceptance of these local fabrics for occasions, thereby indicating that investing in the nation’s textile industry in the aspect of local fabrics such as Aso-oke will improve the standard of living of local people.

Key Recommendation: Both public and private universities in the Southwest should use Aso-oke as their graduation gown. This will improve the standard of living and promote the image of Yoruba culture through traditional dress.


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How to Cite

Ajayi, J. B. (2023). Students’ Acceptance of Local Fabric (Aso-Oke) as Graduation Gowns for Cultural Heritage Development in Nigeria. Ianna Journal of Interdisciplinary Studies , 5(1), 198–207. Retrieved from